In the beautiful Kongsfjord the northernmost of the four settlements on Spitsbergen can be found. Ny-Ålesund even boasts being the northernmost settlement in the world at latitude 78° 55′ north.
Is often mentioned as being the northernmost settlement in the world. Originally a mining settlement it is now a scientist village, an Arctic laboratory. The settlement is inhabited by a permanent population of approximately 40 persons. In summer up to 120 international scientists work here. Their research includes environmental studies, for instance climate change, geology, biology, oceanography, zoology and more.