• Home
  • Blogs
  • Polar Gear of Yesteryear: Expedition Clothing 100 Years Ago

Polar Gear of Yesteryear: Expedition Clothing 100 Years Ago

by Oceanwide Expeditions Blog

When you look at pictures of polar expedition clothing from a century past, the experience is not unlike seeing images of World War military gear.
Polar Gear of Yesteryear: Expedition Clothing 100 Years Ago

Regio's: Antarctica, Arctis

Early 20th-century Arctic and Antarctic expedition clothes

When you look at pictures of polar expedition clothing from a century ago, the experience is not unlike seeing images of World War military gear: It’s heavier, clunkier, and more partial to natural fibers like wool and wood than the largely synthetic stuff used today.

This is not to say, however, that the equipment of these historic explorers or soldiers was unsophisticated. Indeed, the achievements of those who used it are made even more impressive given their comparative limitations.

And this is certainly true for explorers of the early 20th century, the polar expedition heyday that exalted such names as Scott, Shackleton, and many others.

But what exactly did these folks wear to ward off the winter cold?

We’ve compiled a list of the most common clothing used during the early expeditions. Each crew had its own variations, so this list is by no means authoritative. But generally speaking, what follows was all the rage on the Arctic and Antarctic runway.

Head covering: woolen hat over an unfixed hood

Long before we had waterproof beanies or neoprene self-heating hoodies, we had something called sheep’s wool.

Barbaric, right?

Wool is very warm when dry, but once it gets wet it tends to stay wet – unless you have a fire-burning stove and a few spare hours on your hands, which early polar explorers usually did when they weren’t busy getting frostbite or scurvy.

Frank Hurley [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Outer layer: Burberry gabardine or canvas jacket

Yes, you read that right. Burberry jackets were as popular among 1900s polar explorers as Burberry handbags are among rich people today, although we’re guessing the Arctic variety wouldn’t be quite Kate Middleton’s cup of English breakfast.

No offense, Your Grace.

Ernest Henry Shackleton (1874—1922) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Middle layer(s): woolen sweaters possibly lined with Jaeger fleece

The middle layer is oftentimes where the magic happens, even during modern-day Arctic and Antarctica trips. These are the clothes that can most easily be stripped off or added in the event of changing weather and activities.

For early polar explorers, this meant stacking one or more wool sweaters as temperatures dictated. These sweaters often had linings of Jaeger fleece, a brand still popular today.

Base layer: mercerized wool underclothes

Explorers who needed to endure the often harsh conditions of the Arctic and Antarctica needed clothes (even underclothes) that were just as durable.

For this reason, they very often used wool that had been mercerized, a process whereby fibers under tension are impregnated with sulfuric acid and lye to make them more durable. This process of mercerization is used mainly on wool, cotton, and flax.

Hand protection: finnesko mittens (reindeer fur gloves)

Without working hands, you have no working explorer. And nothing can gnaw off a pair of hands like frostbite, that gluttonous wintry guest whose far-from-picky tastes also include noses, toes, and any other vulnerable extremity.

This is why polar explorers of the past preferred gloves made of naturally cold-resistant reindeer hide and fur while on their version of a comfy Arctic cruise.

unidentified photogapher [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Leg clothing: cavalry twill or canvas trousers

Arctic and Antarctic explorers of yesteryear walked a lot, at least as much as any current polar researchers (and even hiking-minded tourists) need to do.

To keep their legs warm and pliant, crews chose strong fabrics like cavalry twill, which is usually a blend of worsted warp and woolen weft reserved for pants, especially riding pants. They also used canvas, a tough material common to tents, backpacks, and sails.

Foot antifreeze: thick-sole leather boots or komargars (reindeer skin boots)

It’s tricky to say that footwear was the most important part of past expedition clothing, as all clothing was vital for keeping explorers alive.

Still, feet are one of the body parts most at risk of frostbite, which is why it was important to double up on socks, extra-thick soles, and boots made from reindeer skin. You wouldn’t want to tap dance in them, but they’d keep your toes from falling off if you tried.

Interessant? Deel uw waardering:

Gerelateerde reizen

Falkland Islands – South Georgia – Elephant Island – Antarctica – de Zuidpoolcirkel
Tot 1800 USD korting

Falkland Islands – South Georgia – Elephant Island – Antarctica – de Zuidpoolcirkel

Ontmoet wel zes soorten pinguïns

HDS31-20. Deze Falkland Islands, South Georgia, and Antarctic Peninsula expeditiecruise is een ware droomreis voor natuurliefhebbers. De reis verkent een van de laatste echte wildernissen op aarde – een gebied van ongetemde, ruige schoonheid en een verrassend gevarieerd dierenleven.

m/v Hondius

m/v Hondius

Reisdatum:

24 feb. - 17 mrt., 2020

Prijs:

18500 USD 10900 USD 7600 USD korting

Antarctisch Schiereiland – Walvis safari - ‘discovery and learning’ reis
Tot 2850 USD korting

Antarctisch Schiereiland – Walvis safari - ‘discovery and learning’ reis

Op zoek naar de reuzen van de zee

HDS32-20. Deze expeditiecruise naar het Antarctisch Schiereiland en de Zuidpoolcirkel neem u diep het Antarctisch gebied in, tot over de Zuidpoolcirkel. De reis gaat door waterwegen die frequent door walvissen bezocht worden; Bultruggen, Dwergvinvissen en Vinvissen. We ankeren op mooie plaatsen waardoor u de...

m/v Hondius

m/v Hondius

Reisdatum:

17 mrt. - 30 mrt., 2020

Prijs:

10450 USD 6250 USD 4200 USD korting

Antarctica - De Zuidpoolcirkel - Een Ontdekkingsreis naar het diepe zuiden
Tot 1950 USD korting

Antarctica - De Zuidpoolcirkel - Een Ontdekkingsreis naar het diepe zuiden

Walvissafari

OTL29-20. Deze expeditiecruise naar het Antarctisch Schiereiland en de Zuidpoolcirkel neem u diep het Antarctisch gebied in, tot over de Zuidpoolcirkel. De reis gaat door waterwegen die frequent door walvissen bezocht worden; Bultruggen, Dwergvinvissen en Vinvissen. We ankeren op mooie plaatsen waardoor u de...

m/v Ortelius

m/v Ortelius

Reisdatum:

18 mrt. - 31 mrt., 2020

Prijs:

10450 USD 6250 USD 4200 USD korting

Antarctica - Walvissen spotten
Tot 2850 USD korting

Antarctica - Walvissen spotten

Op zoek naar de reuzen van de zee

PLA33-20. De ‘Klassieke Antarctica’ route. Deze expeditiecruise brengt u naar de meest wonderlijke landschappen die men in een van de meest extreme gebieden op aarde kan vinden. De ster-acteurs hier zijn de pinguïns; in totaal wel 7 soorten kunnen hier met u eigen ogen gezien worden.

m/v Plancius

m/v Plancius

Reisdatum:

20 mrt. - 29 mrt., 2020

Prijs:

op aanvraag

Antarctica - Basecamp
Tot 4000 USD korting

Antarctica - Basecamp

De beste actieve reis in Antarctica

PLA31-20. Een Antarctic Peninsula Basecamp expeditiecruise biedt sportieve activiteiten om Antarctica te verkennen. De expeditie geeft u de mogelijkheid om te wandelen, om te sneeuwschoenwandelen, kajakken, bergsporten en zelfs om te kamperen onder de zuidelijke poolhemel.

m/v Plancius

m/v Plancius

Reisdatum:

27 feb. - 9 mrt., 2020

Prijs:

10250 USD 6250 USD 4000 USD korting