History of archipelago 'South Sandwich Islands'

Antarctic Peninsula

Region: Antarctica

Destinations: South Sandwich Islands

Zavodovski Island

Home to over 2 million Chinstrap Penguins. The island is volcanically very active and therefore almost ice free.

Candlemas Island

A steep island with a barren moon-scape. On the north-west side there is an active stratovolcano.

Saunders Island

Saunders Island is also an active stratovolcano and almost 1000 meters (3,300 ft) high. The island is home to several Chinstrap Penguin colonies. Huge numbers of Fur Seals haul out on the beaches. 1955. The station was evacuated in 1956 during a volcanic eruption. Later the Argentines built a new station but this was destroyed by British military forces during the Falkland War, in 1982. Fair sized Adelie and Chinstrap Penguins colonies can be found on the island.

Montague Island

The largest of the South Sandwich Islands. The volcano, Mount Belinda, which is 1370 metres (4495 feet) high, erupted in 2005.

Thule Island 

Thule Island is the southernmost of the South Sandwich Islands. Argentina built a station on the island in 1955. The station was evacuated already in 1956 during a volcanic eruption. Later the Argentines build a new station but this was destroyed by British military forces during the Falkland War, in 1982. Fair sized Adélie and Chinstrap Penguins colonies can be found on the island.

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